Cuban lima Care Guide: Diet, Tank Mates, Diseases, Breeding & More

Updated: December 17, 2022

The Cuban lima is a freshwater fish that is native to Cuba. This species is also known as the Cuban mojarra or the Cuban cichlid. The Cuban lima is a peaceful fish that is good for beginners. This species is not aggressive and can be kept with other peaceful fish. The Cuban lima is a hardy fish that is easy to care for. This species is also known to be a good jumper, so a tight-fitting lid is a must.

Species overview

Cuban limas (Limia vittata) are a type of freshwater fish that’s native to Cuba and the Isle of Youth. They can be found in a wide variety of habitats, but they seem to prefer areas with plenty of plants and hiding spots.

Cuban limas are a popular choice for aquariums because of their bright colors and interesting patterns. They’re also peaceful fish that get along well with other tank mates.

One thing to keep in mind with Cuban limas is that they need a lot of space to swim. They’re not a good choice for nano tanks or other small aquariums.


Cuban lima

The Cuban lima is a very beautiful and distinctively colored fish. They are mostly silver in color with a few dark spots on their sides.

The fins on this fish are also silver, except for the tips of the dorsal and anal fins, which are black. The Cuban lima also has a very long and slender body.

One of the most interesting things about this fish is their eyes. They have large eyes that are silver in color with a black pupil.

The Cuban lima is a very popular fish in the aquarium trade. They are very peaceful and make a great addition to any freshwater aquarium.


The average lifespan of a Cuban lima is around 5 to 7 years. However, there have been reports of these fish living up to 10 years in captivity.

As with any other pet, the lifespan of a Cuban lima can be impacted by a number of different factors. Their diet, stress levels, and water quality are all important factors that can affect their lifespan.


The maximum size of a Cuban lima is about 2 inches in length when fully grown.


Tank Size

A single Cuban lima needs at least a 20 gallon tank but we recommend going up to a 30 gallon tank if you can. If you want to keep a school of Cuban limas then you’ll need an even larger tank.

For every extra Cuban lima you want to add to your tank, you should add 5 to 10 gallons. So, if you want to have a school of 6 fish you’ll need a 90 gallon tank at the minimum.

Water Parameters

The Cuban lima is a tropical fish that requires warm water and high levels of dissolved oxygen.

To maintain a healthy environment, it’s important to keep the water temperature between 72 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit. The pH level should be between 6.5 and 7.5, and the water hardness should be between 4 and 8 dGH.

The Cuban lima is a peaceful fish that does well in community tanks. It is an active swimmer and does best in tanks with plenty of open space.

  • Water Temperature: 72-82 degrees Fahrenheit
  • pH Levels: 6.5-7.5
  • Water Hardness: 4-8 dGH
  • Alkalinity Levels: 4-8 dKH

What To Put In Their Tank

Cuban lima are a species of freshwater fish that are native to, you guessed it, Cuba.

In the wild, they can be found in a variety of habitats including lakes, rivers, and creeks.

This versatility has led to them being a popular choice for aquariums. They’re relatively easy to care for and make a great addition to any setup.

When it comes to decorating the inside of their tank, Cuban lima are not too picky. They’re not a species that needs a lot of hiding places or specific substrates.

We recommend going with a gravel or sand substrate. As for plants, they’re not known to eat them so you can include whatever you’d like. Driftwood, rocks, and caves are all great choices too.

Just be sure to avoid anything too sharp or jagged. These fish are known to dig and root around the substrate so anything that could cut them should be avoided.

Common Diseases

The Cuban lima is a pretty hardy fish, but that doesn’t mean they don’t get sick from time to time. The most common disease that these fish experience is ich.

Ich is a pretty common freshwater fish disease that’s caused by a parasite. It’s not too serious, but if left untreated it can definitely kill your fish.

The most obvious sign of ich is the presence of white spots on the body, gills, and fins of your fish. If you see this, it’s important to act fast and begin treatment immediately.

There are plenty of other potential diseases that can affect Cuban limas, but they’re not as common. Some other things to look out for are infections, parasites, and fin rot.

As with any fish, the best way to keep your Cuban lima healthy is to maintain a clean and stable tank. This will help to prevent the spread of disease and also make your fish less stressed (which can lead to illness).

Behavior & Temperament

As their name suggests, Cuban lima are originally from Cuba. They’re a freshwater fish that can be found in ponds and rivers throughout the island.

In the wild, they’re known to be a bit aggressive. They’ll often fight with other fish for food or territory. However, when they’re kept in captivity, they’re much more docile.

In an aquarium setting, Cuban lima are relatively peaceful. They’ll stick to themselves and won’t bother other fish unless they feel threatened. Even then, they’re more likely to hide than to fight.

Cuban lima are also known to be quite shy. They’re not the type of fish that will swim out in the open. Instead, they prefer to stay hidden among the plants and rocks in their tank.

Tank Mates

The Cuban lima is a semi-aggressive freshwater fish. It’s not quite as bad as some other species, but it can hold its own in a fight.

This is something to keep in mind when choosing tank mates. The Cuban lima will do best with other semi-aggressive or aggressive fish.

Fish that are too docile will likely get bullied.

Some compatible Cuban lima tank mates include:


The Cuban lima is a livebearer, which means that the female gives birth to live young instead of laying eggs. This process is pretty similar to how mammals reproduce.

To breed these fish, start by setting up a separate breeding tank. The tank should be at least 10 gallons and hold plenty of hiding places. Make sure the water is clean and the temperature is around 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

When ready, add two females for every male. The males will chase the females around, but that’s perfectly normal.

The females will give birth to anywhere from 5 to 20 fry at a time. The fry are born fully-formed and ready to start swimming and eating on their own.

You can feed the fry live foods like brine shrimp or bloodworms. You can also give them crushed-up flake food.

Make sure to remove the adults from the tank after the fry are born. The adults will eat the fry if given the chance.


The Cuban lima is a great fish for beginner aquarists. They’re very easy to take care of and don’t require much in the way of maintenance.

They’re also very peaceful fish, so they’re perfect for community tanks.

Overall, we think the Cuban lima is a great fish for anyone looking for a low-maintenance pet.