Golden orfe Care Guide: Diet, Tank Mates, Diseases, Breeding & More

Updated: December 17, 2022

The golden orfe is a stunning freshwater fish that is often overlooked by aquarists. This is a shame, as they are relatively easy to care for and make a beautiful addition to any aquarium.

This guide will teach you everything you need to know about golden orfe care. You’ll learn about their diet, size, lifespan, and more!

Species overview

The golden orfe (scientific name: Leuciscus idus) is a freshwater fish that’s part of the carp family. It’s closely related to the common carp and has many of the same features and characteristics.

This fish is native to parts of Europe and Asia but has been introduced to other areas of the world, such as North America, where it’s considered an invasive species.

Golden orfe are typically golden in color (hence the name) but can also be yellow, orange, or red. They have a long body and can grow to be quite large, up to two feet in length in some cases.

In the wild, golden orfe live in rivers and lakes. They are bottom-dwellers and prefer to eat aquatic plants.

In the aquarium, golden orfe are popular for their beautiful color and their peaceful nature. They are compatible with a wide variety of tank mates and make a great addition to most community tanks.


Golden orfe

The overall appearance of the Golden Orfe is one of elegance and beauty. These fish have a long and slender body that is silver in coloration.

The fins on this fish are also silver and quite streamline. The dorsal fin starts about two-thirds of the way back on their bodies and is tall and slender. The anal fin is about the same size and shape as the dorsal fin.

The caudal fin is forked and symmetrical. The pectoral fins are small and come to a point.

One of the most unique things about this fish is the fact that their eyes are actually quite large. This gives them a very expressive face that is almost human-like.


The average lifespan of golden orfe is between 10 and 15 years. However, there are reports of these fish living up to 20 years in captivity.

As with any other fish, the lifespan of golden orfe is greatly affected by the environment they live in and the care they receive.

Optimal water conditions and a good diet are a must if you want your fish to reach their full lifespan potential.


The average size of a golden orfe is between 18 and 24 inches, but they can grow up to 36 inches long. These fish are some of the largest freshwater fish available, so make sure you have enough space for them!


Tank Size

The minimum tank size for golden orfe is 30 gallons. If you want to keep more than one fish, you should add an additional 10 gallons for each fish.

Water Parameters

The golden orfe is a freshwater fish originating from Europe. It is a hardy fish that can live in a wide range of water parameters.

The ideal water parameters for golden orfe are:

  • Water Temperature: 50°F to 68°F
  • pH Levels: 6.5 to 7.5
  • Water Hardness: 4 to 20 dGH
  • Alkalinity Levels: 2-12 dKH

What To Put In Their Tank

The inside of the tank is just as important as the outside. After all, this is where your fish are going to be spending the vast majority of their time.

You have a lot of options when it comes to setting up the interior of an aquarium for golden orfe.

One of the most important things to consider is the substrate. We recommend a soft, sandy substrate for this species. This will protect their delicate barbels and give them a place to dig (which they love to do).

Another thing to consider is the plants you’re going to include. These fish are known to uproot plants, so you need to be careful with what you choose. We recommend going with hardy plants that can bounce back (like hornwort or water wisteria).

You can also add some rocks and driftwood to their habitat. Just be sure that the wood is safe for aquarium use (you don’t want it to leak any toxins into the water).

Common Diseases

Golden orfe are actually quite hardy fish and are resistant to a lot of the common diseases that affect other freshwater species.

That being said, they’re not immune to everything. There are still a few potential illnesses that you should be aware of if you own one of these fish.

The most common disease that affects golden orfe is called gill flukes. This is a type of parasitic flatworm that latches onto the gills of fish and can cause serious respiratory problems.

The symptoms of this disease are pretty easy to spot. If your fish is gasping for air at the surface of the water, it’s a pretty good sign that they’re not getting enough oxygen.

Other signs include lethargy, listlessness, and a loss of appetite. If you notice any of these symptoms in your fish it’s important to act quickly and consult a vet.

Gill flukes can be treated with a medication called praziquantel, but it’s always best to catch the disease early so it doesn’t have a chance to do too much damage.

Behavior & Temperament

The golden orfe is a peaceful fish that will do well in a community aquarium. It is a social fish that does best in groups. It is an active swimmer and will often be seen swimming in the middle or upper levels of the aquarium.

The golden orfe is a peaceful fish that will do well in a community aquarium. It is a social fish that does best in groups. It is an active swimmer and will often be seen swimming in the middle or upper levels of the aquarium.

The golden orfe is not an aggressive fish and will not bother other tank mates. It is important to provide hiding places in the aquarium, as the golden orfe can be shy.

The golden orfe is a good choice for a community aquarium. It is peaceful and will not bother other tank mates. It is an active swimmer and is often seen swimming in the middle or upper levels of the aquarium.

Tank Mates

The golden orfe is a peaceful fish that can get along with most tank mates. They’re not aggressive and don’t have any specialized care needs.

This makes them a good choice for beginners and experienced aquarists alike.

When choosing tank mates for a golden orfe, it’s best to stick with peaceful species. These fish are timid and can be easily outcompeted for food.

Some good tank mates for golden orfe include:

  • Golden Whitecloud Minnows
  • Neon Tetras
  • Guppies
  • Platies
  • Mollies
  • Swordtails


The golden orfe is a stunning goldfish that’s known for its beautiful coloration. They’re also pretty easy to breed in captivity.

This species is egg-layers. The female will lay her eggs in a plant or piece of driftwood. The male will then fertilize them.

You don’t need to do anything special to trigger spawning. Just keep the golden orfe in good water conditions and provide them with plenty of food.

Once the eggs have been laid, remove the adults from the tank. The fry will hatch in about a week.

Feed them live foods at first, such as brine shrimp or daphnia. You can then transition them to pellets or flakes.


The Golden Orfe is a beautiful and unique fish that is perfect for the beginner aquarist. They are relatively easy to care for and are very peaceful, making them a great addition to any community tank.

While they are not the most active fish, they are still a joy to watch and will provide you with hours of enjoyment.

We hope you enjoyed this guide and we wish you the best of luck with your new Golden Orfe!